Species Finder Species Posted Mar 17, 2000 Trout Species Identification Trout, like salmon, belong to the Salmonidae family. Unlike salmon, trout spend most of their time in freshwater. Certain trout species swim in saltwater, like steelhead, but spawn in freshwater. Trout make up three of the seven genera in the Salmonidae family: Atlantic (Salmo), Pacific (Oncorhynchus), and char (Salvelinus). Fishing for trout is a loved activity among novice and professional anglers alike. These fish provide a strong and exciting fight when hooked, and it is precisely this excitement that draws so many anglers. In addition, trout makes for a delicious meal for anglers who choose to keep a few. Trout Species Bull Trout Eric Engbretson/USWFS Select a species from the list below for detailed information on common types of trout: Salmo: Brown Trout Oncorhynchus: Cutthroat Trout Rainbow Trout Salvelinus: Brook Trout Bull Trout Dolly Varden Trout Lake Trout There are other species of fish out there referred to as trout despite not technically being part of the Salmonidae family. The spotted seatrout is an example. Despite its name, it is actually part of the drum family (Sciaenidae). Why Fish For Trout? Fishing for trout is a loved activity among novice and professional anglers alike. These fish provide a strong and exciting fight when hooked, and it is precisely this excitement that draws so many anglers. In addition, trout makes for a delicious meal for anglers who choose to keep a few. Top Three Trout Fishing Tips Learn the Area Knowing more about the area where you intend to fish for trout will definitely work to your advantage. Try to learn the temperature patterns, seasons, and the type of food that the trout feeds on locally. This information will help you in choosing the correct baits and seasons to fish. If you fish for trout in streams in the spring, then visit those same areas in the summer when the water is low. Take notes and draw maps of rocks, under cut banks, depressions, and fallen trees that might not be visible in high water levels. Fish will use the spots for cover when the water is high. Don't Let The Fish See You What was that we said? That's right; trout are a very clever fish. When you are river trout fishing in clear or shallow waters, they may be able to see all the anglers that are on shore. Therefore, wearing clothing that blends in well with the surrounding environment will make you stealthier and put the fish ease. Brighter colors that do no naturally belong in that habitat scream out to the fish that something is going on. They may get timid and that will put a damper on your river trout fishing ambitions. Also, stay as low as possible, move slowly and try to put some grass or brush between you and the water so that you don't spook the fish. Choose The Right Equipment This one is kind of obvious. You need to go in with the right tools for the job. If you are a trout fishing novice, we suggest doing your research before you buy. In general, lighter line is used for trout fishing than most other types of fishing because trout have good eye sight and usually live in clear water. Ice Fishing For Trout Ice fishing for trout is one of the more popular ice fishing activities among North American anglers. Here are some important tips to keep in mind when going ice fishing for trout. Safety Is Number One We mention this as the first priority for a reason. Never venture out on lakes with thin ice and do no put yourself in compromising situations. Make sure that the ice is at least four to six inches thick for walking and much thicker if you plan to use a vehicle. Do Your Research Read the latest local reports about weather and moon patterns. Trout respond heavily to changes in conditions. Finding out the best times to go trout ice fishing in your area can help assure a more successful trip. Take Your Time Trout are very sluggish under the ice and will normally not exert too much effort to catch their prey. You can not jerk the line hard or fast as that will only scare the fish. Use your lures to imitate a slow swimming prey and the trout will see it as an easy meal. Drill In Different Locations You need to drill several holes in a systematic pattern to see which ones produce the best results. You should map out the locations and drill the holes in a way that will allow you to test different depths. Start The Drilling Early Trout tend to bite well in the early morning hours during the winter. It is a wise idea to drill your fishing hole before sunrise so that when the fish come, you do not disturb them with the drilling. Try Different Lures and Baits There is never a one size fits all when ice fishing. You will need to try out different baits and lures to see which ones work best throughout your trip. When something is not working, try something else. Attempt to use different combinations of spoons, spinners, jigs, and baits to see what works. Fly Fishing For Trout Fly fishing for trout is the most popular and preferred method amongst anglers. Trout rivers and streams are common ground for fly anglers. Anglers will use a variety of artificial flies depending on the species, location and time of year. Here is a video that demonstrates fly fishing for trout.