Fishing and Angling Terminology | World Fishing Network

Fishing Terminology

    A

  • Alabama Rig

    Popularized by pro bass angler Paul Elias after a FLW Open win on Lake Guntersville in October 2011, the Alabama Rig is the casting version of the umbrella rig.

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  • Angling

    The act of catching a fish with a rod, line, and hook.

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  • Auger

    A device used to drill through the ice when ice fishing, cutting a hole at least 8 inches (20 cm) across.

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  • B

  • Back Trolling

    A technique that is used for trolling at slow speeds.

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  • Bail

    The wire arm on a spinning reel that is used to wrap the line around the spool.

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  • Baitcast Reel/Rod

    A type of reel and accompanying rod. The spool of the reel is perpendicular to the rod. The reel sits on top of the rod, which requires a different style of handle than what is used on spinning rods, and often incorporates a molded trigger type grip that helps the angler get a secure hold on the rod.

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  • Barb

    A tiny protrusion near the point of a hook that prevents a fish from coming unhooked.

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  • Bed

    Often called a nest, this is an area that a fish has cleared in order to provide a place for the eggs to settle during spawning.

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  • Braid

    A type of fishing line that is made by weaving together several individual strands. It is known for its high strength and low memory.

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  • C

  • Carolina Rig

    This rig allows the bait to fall slowly behind the weight while staying deep and close to the bottom.

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  • Catch and Release

    Refers to the method of fishing where you release your catch shortly after reeling it into the boat, allowing the fish to live on.

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  • Chum

    Small bits of ground bait that the target species often feeds on.

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  • Cover

    Cover is anything in the lake that a fish can hide in or under for protection from sun and predators and to ambush unsuspecting prey.

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  • Crankbait

    A type of lure that is “cranked” back to the boat and creates a side-to-side swimming action by displacing water around either side of the front of the lure.

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  • D

  • Deep Sea Fishing

    A close look at the world of deep sea fishing and how to go fishing for some of the more popular open water species.

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  • Drag

    Device on fishing reels that allows line to feed out even though the reel is engaged.

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  • Drift Sock

    The drift sock acts like a parachute by creating resistance in the form of drag, and helps to slow down a boat and provide better boat control when drifting in strong winds or trolling.

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  • Dropshot

    A type of rig where the hook is further up the line and a weight is attached to the end of the line.

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  • Dry Fly

    Dry fly fishing is done with a floating line and flies that stay on the surface of the water.

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